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Isaac Newton (25.12.1642  20.03.1727)  English physicist, mathematician and astronomer. Isaac Newton was born on 25 December 1642 at Woolsthorpe Manor in WoolsthorpebyColsterworth, Lincolnshire, England. His father was a wealthy farmer, who died 3 months before the birth of Isaac. His mother, Hannah Ayscough, married for the second time when Newton was three years old. Afterwards she left Isaac in the care of his grandmother and began to live with her new husband. When Newton was twelve he was admitted to The King’s School, Grantham. He studied there until seventeen. Newton abhorred farming but his mother wanted him to manage a household. From 1661 he was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. Four years later Newton discovered the generalized binomial theorem. Isaac Newton made a lot of discoveries in mathematics, physics, astronomy and other sciences. One of the most famous books of Newton is Philosophi? Naturalis Principia Mathematica. It was published in 1687. There are a lot of important discoveries in this book including universal gravitation and three laws of motion. The first practical reflecting telescope was also invented by Newton. Between 1670 and 1672 he studied optics. As a result Newton showed that a prism could decompose white light into a spectrum of colours. Isaac Newton is an author of the development of differential and integral calculus and he shares this mathematical discovery with Gottfried Leibniz. As legend has it Newton developed the theory of gravitation when he watched an apple that fell from a tree. Isaac Newton also attempted to predict the end of the world and he supposed that the world would end no earlier than 2060. It should be noted that Isaac Newton was religious and studied theology. According to different sources he was Antitrinitarian. Newton studied the Bible and published some of his theological researches. Newton also devoted his time to alchemy but he didn’t publish any alchemical works. It is known that mercury was found in his hair after his death. According to the suppositions this was a result of his alchemical experiments. It is also known that between 1689 and 1690 and in 1701 Isaac Newton was a member of the Parliament of England. Isaac Newton never married and died intestate. He spent last years of his life in the residence at Cranbury Park, near Winchester. He died in London in 1727. Isaac Newton was interred in Westminster Abbey. Many scientists consider Newton to be the greatest genius in the history of mankind.

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